organ


organ
organ [ôr′gən]
n.
[ME organe < OE organa & OFr organe, both < L organum, tool, implement (in LL(Ec), a church organ) < Gr organon, an implement, engine < ergon,WORK]
1.
a) a large wind instrument consisting of various sets of pipes which, as they are opened by corresponding keys on one or more keyboards, allow passage to a column of compressed air that causes sound by vibration
b) any of several musical instruments producing similar or somewhat similar sounds: cf. ELECTRONIC ORGAN, REED ORGAN, BARREL ORGAN
c) Archaic any musical instrument; esp., a wind instrument
2. in animals and plants, a part composed of specialized tissues and adapted to the performance of a specific function or functions
3. a means or instrument for the performance of some action [an organ of local government]
4. a means of communicating ideas or opinions, as a periodical

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Organ — • A musical instrument which consists of one or several sets of pipes, each pipe giving only one tone, and which is blown and played by mechanical means. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Organ     Organ …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Organ — Or gan, n. [L. organum, Gr. ?; akin to ? work, and E. work: cf. F. organe. See {Work}, and cf. {Orgue}, {Orgy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. An instrument or medium by which some important action is performed, or an important end accomplished; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Organ — may refer to the following: Contents 1 Biology and medicine 2 Music 3 Organizations and government 4 Media Biology …   Wikipedia

  • Organ — (von altgriechisch: ὄργανον organon = „Werkzeug“) ist: in der Biologie ein Körperteil bzw. eine Funktionseinheit aus verschiedenen Geweben, siehe Organ (Biologie) ein japanischer Horrorfilm, siehe Organ (Film) in der Rechtswissenschaft die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Organ — Organ: Das seit dem 18. Jh. belegte Fremdwort, das jedoch schon im 16.–18. Jh. in den nicht eingedeutschten Formen »Organum«, »Organon« (Plural »Organa«) auftritt, ist aus lat. organum »Werkzeug; Musikinstrument, Orgel« entlehnt, das seinerseits… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • organ — or‧gan [ˈɔːgən ǁ ˈɔːr ] noun [countable] formal 1. a magazine or newspaper which presents the ideas and opinions of a political party or other organization: • These newspapers were essentially house organs for political factions. • a copy of the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Organ — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. organum Werkzeug, Instrument , dieses aus gr. órganon, einer ablautenden Bildung zu gr. érgon (Energie). Die heutigen Bedeutungen gehen im wesentlichen von der Grundbedeutung eines Elements mit… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • organ — òrgān m <G orgána> DEFINICIJA 1. anat. a. dio organizma s funkcijom po kojoj se ob. imenuju [dišni organi; govorni organi] b. ljudski glas, ukupnost odlika u snazi, boji itd. [lijep organ; snažan organ] c. razg. muški spolni organ 2. a.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • organ — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. organnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} część organizmu o określonej budowie i funkcji oraz o określonym położeniu względem innych części; narząd : {{/stl 7}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Organ — País …   Wikipedia Español